Further Reading


The following bibliography includes three sections: (1) links to online articles, (2) catalog links to published materials physically available at the Congregational Library, and (3) other volumes available elsewhere. These resources are intended to provide additional context for each of the sections in this finding guide.


Online Resources

Boles, Richard J. "Documents Relating to African American Experiences of White Congregational Churches in Massachusetts, 1773-1832". The New England Quarterly 86, no. 2 (June 2013): 310-323.

Cameron, Christopher. "The Puritan origins of Black abolitionism in Massachusetts.Historical Journal of Massachusetts 39, no. 1-2 (2011): 78-107.

Cooper, James F. "Cuffee’s ‘Relation’: A Faithful Slave Speaks Through the Project for the Preservation of Congregational Church Records." The New England Quarterly 86, no. 2 (June 2013): 293-310

Minkema, Kenneth P. and Stout, Harry S. “The Edwardsean Tradition and the Antislavery Debate, 1740–1865”. Journal of American History 92, no. 1 (June 2005): 47–74.

Seeman, Erik R. "'Justise Must Take Plase': Three African Americans Speak of Religion in Eighteenth-Century New England"The William and Mary Quarterly 56, no. 2 (April 1999):393-414

Sherer, Robert Glenn Jr. "Negro Churches in Rhode Island Before 1860." Rhode Island History 25, no. 1, (January 1966): 9-24.

Simmons, William S. "Red Yankees: Narragansett Conversion in the Great Awakening." American Ethnologist 10, no. 2 (May 1983): 253-271.

Whiting, Gloria McCahon “Power, Patriarchy, and Provision: African Families Negotiate Gender and Slavery in New England”. Journal of American History 103, no. 3 (December 2016): 583–605.


Resources at the Congregational Library & Archives

Aghahowa, Brenda Eatman. Praising in Black and White: Unity and Diversity in Christian Worship. Cleveland: United Church Press, 1996.

American and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society. Shall we give Bibles to three millions of American slaves?  New York: American and Foreign Anti-slavery Society, 1847.

American Convention for Promoting the Abolition of Slavery, and Improving the Condition of the African Race. An address to the free people of colour and descendants of the African race, in the United States. Philadelphia: Hall & Atkinson, 1819.

American Missionary Association. Annual Reports, 1847-1936. Bound reports, 15 volumes.

Anderson, Emma. The Betrayal of Faith: The Tragic Journey of a Colonial Native Convert. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2007.

Andrews, Edward E. Native Apostles: Black and Indian Missionaries in the British Atlantic World. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2013.

Apess, William. On our own ground: the complete writings of William Apess, a Pequot. Ed. Barry O'Connell. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1992.

Bailey, Richard A. Race and Redemption in Puritan New England. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011.

Boles, Richard J. Dividing the Faith: The Rise of Segregated Churches in the Early American North. New York: New York University Press, 2020.

Brekus, Catherine. Sarah Osborn’s World: The Rise of Evangelical Christianity in Early America New Haven: Yale University Press, 2013.

Bross, Kristina. Dry Bones and Indian Sermons: Praying Indians in Colonial America. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2004.

Butler, Jon. New World Faiths: Religion in colonial America. New York: Oxford University Press, 2008.

Cogley, Richard W. John Eliot’s Mission to the Indians before King Philip’s WarCambridge: Harvard University Press, 1999.

Conforti, Joseph A. Saints and Strangers: New England in British North AmericaBaltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2006.

Culver, Dwight W. Negro Segregation in the Methodist Church. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1953.

Cummins, George D. The African a trust from God to the American : a sermon delivered on the day of national humiliation, fasting and prayer, in St. Peter's Church, Baltimore, January 4, 1861. Baltimore: J.D. Toy, 1861.

Eddy, Ansel Doane. 'Black Jacob,' a monument of grace.: The life of Jacob Hodges, an African negro, who died in Canandaigua, N. Y., February 1842. Philadelphia: American Sunday-school Union, 1842.

Fisher, Linford D. The Indian Great Awakening: Religion and the Shaping of Native Cultures in Early America. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012.

Goddard, Ives, and and Bragdon, Kathleen. "Native writings in Massachusett". Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1988.

Greene, Lorenzo Johnston. The Negro in Colonial New England. New York: Athenaeum, 1969.

Hamilton, Charles V. The Black Preacher in America. New York: William Morrow, 1972.

Haynes, Leonard L. The Negro Community Within American Protestantism, 1619-1844. Boston: Christopher Publishing House, c. 1953.

Hopkins, Samuel. A dialogue concerning the slavery of the Africans : shewing it to be the duty and interest of the American states to emancipate all their African slaves : with an address to the owners of such slaves : dedicated to the Honourable the Continental Congress : to which is prefixed, the institution of the society, in New-York, for promoting the manumission of slaves, and protecting such of them as have been, or may be, liberated. New York: Robert Hodge, 1785.

Hopkins, Samuel. Timely Articles on Slavery. Boston: Congregational Board of Publication, 1854.

Horton, James Oliver and Horton, Lois E. In Hope of Liberty: Culture, Community and Protest among Northern Free Blacks, 1700–1860 New York: Oxford University Press, 1997.

Logan, Samuel Crothers. Correspondence between the Rev. S.C. Logan, Pittsburgh, Pa., and the Rev. Dr. J. Leighton Wilson, Columbia, S.C. Columbia, SC: Office of the Southern Presbyterian, 1868.

Mandell, Daniel R. Tribe, Race, History: Native Americans in Southern New England, 1780–1880Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2011.

Manegold, C.S. Ten Hills Farm: The Forgotten History of Slavery in the NorthPrinceton: Princeton University Press, 2010.

Morrison-Reed, Mark D. Black Pioneers in a White Denomination. Boston: Beacon Press, c. 1984.

Murray, Andrew E. Presbyterians and the Negro: A History. Philadelphia: Presbyterian Historical Society, 1966.

Newcomb, Harvey. 'The 'Negro pew': being an inquiry concerning the propriety of distinctions in the house of God, on account of color. Boston: Isaac Knapp, 1837.

Newman, Richard. "Lemuel Haynes on baptism: an unpublished manuscript from the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture". Bulletin of Research in the Humanities 87, no. 4 (1986-1987): 509-514.

O'Brien, Jean M. Firsting and Lasting: Writing Indians out of Existence in New England. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2010.

Piersen, William Dillon. Black Yankees: The Development of an Afro-American Subculture in Eighteenth-century New England. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1988.

Saillant, John. Black Puritan, Black republican : the life and thought of Lemuel Haynes, 1753-1833. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002.

Scherer, Lester B. Slavery and the Churches in Early America, 1619-1819. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1975.

Silverman, David J. Faith and Boundaries: Colonists, Christianity, and Community among the Wampanoag Indians. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005.

Silverman, David J. Red Brethren: The Brothertown and Stockbridge Indians and the Problem of Race in Early America. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2010.

Stanley, Alfred Knighton. The Children is Crying: Congregationalism Among Black People. New York: Pilgrim Press, 1979.

Stanley, J. Taylor. A History of Black Congregational Christian Churches of the South. New York: United Church Press for the American Missionary Association, c. 1978.

Warren, Wendy. New England Bound: Slavery and Colonization in Early America. New York: W.W. Norton, 2016.

Williams, Ethel L. Biographical Directory of Negro Ministers. New York: Scarecrow Press, 1965.

Winiarski, Douglas L. Darkness Falls on the Land of Light: Experiencing Religious Awakenings in Eighteenth-Century New EnglandChapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2017.


Additional Resources

Adams, Catherine and Pleck, Elizabeth. Love of Freedom: Black Women in Colonial and Revolutionary New England New York: Oxford University Press, 2010.

Berlin, Ira. Many Thousands Gone: The First Two Centuries of Slavery in North America. Cambridge: Belknap Press, 1998.

Blee, Lisa and O'Brien, Jean M. Monumental Mobility: The Memory Work of Massasoit. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2019.

Breen, Louise A. Daniel Gookin, the Praying Indians, and King Philip’s War. New York: Routledge Publishers, 2019.

Brook, Lisa. Our Beloved Kin: A New History of King Philip’s War. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2018.

Cameron, Christopher. To Plead Our Own Cause: African Americans in Massachusetts and the Making of the Antislavery Movement. Kent, OH: Kent State University Press, 2014.

Clark-Pujara, Christy. Dark Work: The Business of Slavery in Rhode Island. New York: New York University Press, 2016.

Conforti, Joseph. “Samuel Hopkins and the Revolutionary Antislavery Movement”. Rhode Island History 38, no. 2 (May 1979).

DeLucia, Christine M. Memory Lands: King Philip’s War and the Place of Violence in the Northeast. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2018.

Fitts, Robert K. Inventing New England’s Slave Paradise: Master/Slave Relations in Eighteenth Century Narragansett, Rhode Island. New York: Taylor and Francis, 1998.

Gerbner, Katherine. Christian Slavery: Conversion and Race in the Protestant Atlantic World. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2018.

Hardesty, Jared R. Black Lives, Native Lands, White Worlds: A History of Slavery in New England. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2019.

Hardesty, Jared R. Unfreedom: Slavery and Dependence in Eighteenth-Century Boston. New York: New York University Press, 2016.

Hinks, Peter. "Timothy Dwight, Congregationalism, and Early Antislavery". The Problem of Evil: Slavery, Freedom, and the Ambiguities of American Reform (2007): 148-61.

Johnson, Joseph. To Do Good to My Indian Brethren: The Writings of Joseph Johnson, 1751-1776. Ed. Laura J. Murray. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1998.

Kopelson, Heather Miyano. Faithful Bodies: Performing Religion and Race in the Puritan Atlantic. New York: NYU Press, 2014.

Mandell, Daniel R. Behind the Frontier: Indians in Eighteenth-Century Eastern Massachusetts Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2000.

Melish, Joanne Pope. Disowning Slavery: Gradual Emancipation and “Race” in New England, 1780–1860. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1998.

Newell, Margaret Ellen. Brethren By Nature: New England Indians, Colonists, and the Origins of American Slavery. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2015.

O’Brien, Jean M. Dispossession by Degrees: Indian Land and Identity in Natick, Massachusetts, 1650–1790. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.

Occom, Samson. The Collected Writings of Samson Occom, Mohegan. Ed. Joanna Brooks. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006.

Price, H. H. and Talbot, Gerald E. Maine's Visible Black History: The First Chronicle of Its People. Gardiner, ME: Tilbury House Publishers, 2006.

Romer, Robert H. Slavery in the Connecticut Valley of Massachusetts. Florence, MA: Levellers Press, 2009.

Romero, Todd R. Making War and Minting Christians: Masculinity, Religion, and Colonialism in early New England. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2011.

Rubin, Julius H. Tears of Repentance: Christian Indian Identity and Community in Colonial Southern New England. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, 2013.

Silverman, David. This Land Is Their Land: The Wampanoag Indians, Plymouth Colony, and the Troubled History of Thanksgiving. New York: Bloomsbury Publishing, 2019.

Sweet, John Wood. Bodies Politic: Negotiating Race in the American North, 1730–1830. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2003.

Tisby, Jemar. The Color of Compromise: The Truth about the American Church’s Complicity in Racism. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2019.

Towner, Lawrence W. A Good Master Well Served: Masters and Servants in Colonial Massachusetts, 1620–1750. New York: Garland Publishing, 1998.

Warren, James A. God, War and Providence: The Epic Struggle of Roger Williams and the Narragansett Indians Against the Puritans of New England. New York: Scribner, 2018.